Nityapujas and Viniyogas taking place in Karkala Shree Venkatramana Temple are patterned after those in Tirumala Shree Venkataramana Temple.
Dwara Puja: At dawn, dwarapuja is performed before opening the temple door, chanting Shree Ventatesha Suprabhata and Shree Venkatesha Stotras. Dwaradevata is offered the naivedya of one coconut and mangalarathi is performed. Then the door is opened and mangalarati of first sight is performed before the Lord resting on silver craddle.
Nairmalya visarjane Puja: During pratahkala (dawn) puja called nairmalya visarjane, milk conjee (Ksheeranna) out of 3 pavu (small measure) of rice, 4 dosas made of ground rice and black gram (pejje polo) and a sweet dish called navneet made of fried sesame, sugar, butter (made of cow’s milk) etc. are offered as naivedya (feeding the Lord) and 3 artis are performed.
Madhyahna Puja: Afternoon puja, consists of panchamrita abhisheka, pavamana kalashabhisheka, naivedya of rice made of 8 sears (big measure), one ghashi (huli), one vegetable curry(sukke), daal, bhajji made of raw plantain and yam (phodi), appo, ghari, payasa, milk, banana, betel thatte (plate of betel leaf) etc. Apart from this, Vaidikas send 15-20 copper pots of rice every day for naivedya. Then not less than 5 artis are performed. On this occasion Rajopachara (Royal treatment) is also rendered to the accompaniment of chatra, chamara, vyajana, darpana etc. Gurupuja is offered everyday. After puja, tirtha prasad is distributed to those present and temple doors are closed.
Deevatige Seva: At six in the evening, immediately after temple doors are opened Divatige seva (evening Rajopachara puja) is performed. Traditionally, this is called Divatige Salaam. (Perhaps this seva began to be held in the beginning of 19th century. For 45 years before this Karkala was under the rule of Hyder and Tippu. Muslim officers resided in Karkala. Maybe, because of their influence, the tradition came to be established to offer Salaam even to the Lord!). Placing golden padukas of the Lord outside the door infront of garbhagudi, lighting two deevatiges and fanning with chamaras, hymns praising the Lord are sung. (At other times the golden padukas are placed on yatrasana kept inside the door. Fruits and coconut presented by bhaktas is offered to these padukas here. In Tirupati this type of padukas can be seen in front of utsava moorti. These padukas of Karkala must be symbolic of Tirupati padukas). Then mangalarti is performed after naivedya of 3 pavu popped rice and a coconut. Shlokas praising the Lord are known to have been composed by an archaka named Anantha Puranika in the beginning of 19th Century. The shlokas are as follows:
Shrimadramaramana Venkatashailavarya |
daagatya Bhargava nirmita taulavakhye ||
taddeshake puruvarottama Karkalakhye |
tishthan tvadeeya bhajakanavalokayasva || 1 ||
Shri Varijodbhava Bhavendra Khagendra purva |
Moulistha sanmutaghattita padapitha ||
Santaptahataka vinirmita mantapasta |
shri Karkalakhya puranayaka sannamami || 2 ||
Kundendu gokshira samana varnam |
Sadhema dandanvita chamaradvayam ||
Bhogindra bhogopama vetra yugmam |
Dayanidhe tvam krapayavalokaya || 3 ||
Samasta sadhvanta bhidhe pradipike |
Tigmamshu vaishvanara sannikashe ||
Raupyatmake panchshira pradipike |
Ramapate tvam krapayavalokaya || 4 ||
Bheri Mrudanganaka Venu Veena |
Nihshyala Shankha Shruti Dindimani ||
Vadyani Chitrani cha jharjharani |
Akarnyatam susvara ranjitani || 5 ||
Shri Venkatagirishaya bhaktanam varadayine |
hri Karkalapurasthaya Venkateshaya te namah || 6 ||
Shrimatsurasura samsevita |
Karkalla puravara Venkatadhisho || 7 ||
|| Vijayate ||
When archaka Ananta Puranik composed these shlokas, 1777-1841 AD Jeernoddhara work of Karkala Shree Venkataramana Temple was going on. Therefore he put forward the deeply felt wishes of bhakta mahajanas through these shlokas. Now, what are these wishes ?
1. Shree Varijodbhava Bhavendra:……….. “ Oh, Karkala Shree Puranayaka! stationed in the pure gold mantapa occupying the Peetha to which crowned devas- Brahma, Rudra, Indra and Garuda bow their heads, salutations to you.” Praying thus everyday, they must have laid the burden of crafting a golden mantapa on his own shoulders! The Lord had no option but to relent to their demand. He fulfilled their wish subsequently through one of his bhaktas in 1953 AD.
2.Kundendu Gokshreera Samana Varnam :………. “Oh Lord of compassion, kindly behold these two :- one- a pair of chamaras with golden handles and hair of Chamarimriga as white as jasmine, moon and cow’s milk, two – a pair of golden betthas (stick) as smooth as snake’s body” (This wish was expressed with a serene conscience perhaps when they were holding chamaras with brass handle and bronze betthas. But they had undaunted faith that the Lord will fulfil their wishes by granting them the chamaras with gold handle and gold betthas. Lord is omnipotent. Nothing is beyoud his powers. And so eventually, Karkala temple did get these two.)
3.Samastha Sadhwantabhidhe Pradeepike:…………… “ With great compassion, grant us Oh Ramapati, 5 claw headed Deevatiges (torches) made of silver handle, which can despel all darkness like sun and fire” (As per this wish, silver cover was made available for 5 clawed bronze handled deevatiges received from Manjeshwar.)
Ratripuja : During Ratri puja, the Lord is offered panchakajjaya, coconut, bananas etc. as naivedya and mangalarati is performed with not less than 5 artis. If utsava programme is scheduled at night, the utsava starts after performing one arti. After the utsava, the Lord occupies the throne and mangalarti is performed again.
Ekanta seva: Is done by placing the samputa (box) of saligrama inside the silver craddle and mangalarti is performed with milk kashaya and betel thatte. Thereupon door of the garbhagudi is locked.